How to install Docker
If you’re unfamiliar, Docker is an incredible tool that allows for quickly spinning up sandboxes to run virtualized servers and networked applications. It provides an incredibly fast and lightweight alternative to virtual machines, at the cost of less separation between the virtual environment and the host system.
This makes it easy to host services such as Minecraft, Plex, Web Servers, and others. While not quite as scalable as cloud-native code such as serverless, containers still allow for massive improvements in deployment speed, and ease of updates.
I’ll be going over what works for the operating systems I’m most familiar with, but you can find other documentation online if you use Mac, Windows, or a different Linux distribution.
Installing on Ubuntu
Installing on Ubuntu is fairly straight-forward, as the installation script works out of the box:
To use this script, here are a few commands that should work in most cases:
curl -fsSL https://get.docker.com -o install_docker.sh
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
What this does is save the script to a file in your /tmp folder (which will be automatically deleted after reboot), runs the script, then adds your current account to the docker group allowing you to run docker commands without requiring sudo.
Installing on Pop OS!
Unfortunately the process is not quite as straight forward with Pop OS!, despite being based on Debian/Ubuntu.
I used the following examples to get this working:
First, there are some dependencies we’ll need to install:
sudo apt install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg-agent software-properties-common
Then we pull down the gpg public keys from Docker.com to allow for signature checking:
curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg
With the keys added, we can now add Docker’s apt repo as a new source:
"deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
$(lsb_release -cs) \
stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
With the Docker apt repo added, we can now install the required docker components:
sudo apt update && sudo apt install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
And finally, we can add the current user to the Docker group, allowing you to use docker commands without sudo.
sudo usermod -aG docker $USER
Testing your installation
You can test that the docker installation succeeded by running either of these test commands:
docker run hello-world
docker run -it ubuntu bash
If they don’t work, or you get an error about needing permission, reboot then try again.
The first command downloads a hello-world example from Docker Hub, while the second downloads an Ubuntu base image from Docker Hub, then takes you to an instance of bash within the container.
With Docker installed, you can now setup multiple machines in a Docker swarm, allowing for dynamic load balancing and some more advanced setups.